Diet and nutrition: adults

The 2013 Scottish Health Survey found that 22% of men and 22% of women consumed the recommended amount of five or more portions of fruit and vegetables per day.  For both men and women there has been little change since 2003. The proportion of adults meeting the daily recommendation for fruit and vegetable consumption varies by age (see Chart 1 (view chart)) with less people meeting the recommendation in the younger age groups.

In 2013, women aged 16-24 were least likely to consume five portions or more per day (17%). This remained relatively stable for women aged between 25 and 74 years (fluctuating slightly between 23% and 24%) before declining to 19% for women aged 75 years and over.

Chart 2 (view chart) shows the prevalence of consuming five or more portions of fruit and vegetables a day in Scotland by Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) quintile in 2013. SIMD is the Scottish Government's official measure of area based multiple deprivation. In the least deprived quintile, 29% of adults were meeting daily fruit and vegetable consumption guidelines compared with only 16% in the most deprived quintile.

Comparison of Scottish Health Survey and Health Survey for England data shows that, overall,  a lower percentage of respondents consumed five or more portions per day in Scotland than in England in 2013 with the biggest difference seen in the 35-44 age group (22% in scotland compared with 31% in England) (see Chart 3 (view chart)).

Please note: If you require the most up-to-date data available, please check the data sources directly as new data may have been published since these data pages were last updated. Although we endeavour to ensure that the data pages are kept up-to-date, there may be a time lag between new data being published and the relevant ScotPHO web pages being updated.