Diet and nutrition: adults

The 2012 Scottish Health Survey found that 19% of men and 21% of women consumed the recommended amount of five or more portions of fruit and vegetables per day.  For both men and women there has been little change since 2003. The proportion of adults meeting the daily recommendation for fruit and vegetable consumption varies by age (see Chart 1 (view chart)) with less people meeting the recommendation in the younger age groups.

In 2012, women aged 16-24 were least likely to consume five portions or more per day (13%). This increased to 24% for those aged between 25 and 34, fluctuating between 22 and 26% in the 35 to 64 age group, before dropping to 18% in the 65-74 age group and 15% for those aged 75 and over. Among men, fruit and vegetable consumption was lowest in those aged between 16 and 54 (between 17% and 18%) then rising to 21% in those aged 55 to 64 years, 25% in the 65 to 74 age group and dipping to 22% in those aged 75 years plus.

Chart 2 (view chart) shows the prevalence of consuming five or more portions of fruit and vegetables a day in Scotland by Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) quintile in 2012. SIMD is the Scottish Government's official measure of area based multiple deprivation. In the least deprived quintile, 25% of adults were meeting daily fruit and vegetable consumption guidelines compared with only 14% in the most deprived quintile.

Comparison of Scottish Health Survey and Health Survey for England data shows that a lower percentage of respondents consumed five or more portions per day in Scotland than in England in 2011 with the biggest difference seen in the older age groups (adults aged 55-64 and 65-74) (see Chart 3 (view chart)).

Please note: If you require the most up-to-date data available, please check the data sources directly as new data may have been published since these data pages were last updated. Although we endeavour to ensure that the data pages are kept up-to-date, there may be a time lag between new data being published and the relevant ScotPHO web pages being updated.