Diet and nutrition: adults

The 2014 Scottish Health Survey found that 20% of men and 20% of women consumed the recommended amount of five or more portions of fruit and vegetables per day.  For both men and women there has been little change since 2003. The proportion of adults meeting the daily recommendation for fruit and vegetable consumption varies by age (see Chart 1 (view chart)) with less people meeting the recommendation in the younger age groups.

In 2014, women aged 75 years and over were least likely to consume five portions or more per day (13%). This remained relatively stable for women aged between 25 and 64 years (fluctuating slightly between 22% and 23%) before declining in women aged 65 years plus.

In 2014, fruit and vegetable consumption in men fluctuated by age-group with only 14% of 16-24 year olds consuming five or more portions of fruit and vegetables per day. Men aged 35-44 years had the highest proportion with 24% consuming the recommended daily amount or more. Seventeen per cent of women aged 16 to 24 years old and 15% of men aged 16 to 34 years old consumed no fruit and vegetables per day.

Chart 2 (view chart) shows the prevalence of consuming five or more portions of fruit and vegetables a day in Scotland by Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) quintile in 2013. SIMD is the Scottish Government's official measure of area based multiple deprivation. In the least deprived quintile, 25% of adults were meeting daily fruit and vegetable consumption guidelines compared with only 15% in the most deprived quintile.

Comparison of Scottish Health Survey and Health Survey for England data shows that, overall,  a lower percentage of respondents consumed five or more portions per day in Scotland than in England in 2013 with the biggest difference seen in the 35-44 age group (22% in scotland compared with 31% in England) (see Chart 3 (view chart)).

Please note: If you require the most up-to-date data available, please check the data sources directly as new data may have been published since these data pages were last updated. Although we endeavour to ensure that the data pages are kept up-to-date, there may be a time lag between new data being published and the relevant ScotPHO web pages being updated.