Diet and nutrition: adults

The 2015 Scottish Health Survey found that 19% of men and 22% of women consumed the recommended amount of five or more portions of fruit and vegetables per day.  For both men and women there has been little change since 2003. The proportion of adults meeting the daily recommendation for fruit and vegetable consumption varies by age (see Chart 1 (view chart)) with fewer people meeting the recommendation in the younger age groups.

In 2015, women aged 16-24 years and 75 years or over were least likely to consume five portions or more per day (16% & 15% respectively). The proportion who reported consuming this amount fluctuated slighlty for women aged between 25 and 74 years (between 21% for 25-34 year olds and 28% in 55-64 year olds).

In 2015, fruit and vegetable consumption in men increased linearly with age with only 13% of 16-24 year olds consuming five or more portions of fruit and vegetables per dayansd men aged 75 years plus reporting the highest proportion with 25% consuming the recommended daily amount or more.

Chart 2 (view chart) shows the prevalence of consuming five or more portions of fruit and vegetables a day in Scotland by Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) quintile in 2015. SIMD is the Scottish Government's official measure of area based multiple deprivation. In the least deprived quintile, 26% of adults were meeting daily fruit and vegetable consumption guidelines compared with only 15% in the most deprived quintile.

Comparison of Scottish Health Survey and Health Survey for England data shows that, overall,  a lower percentage of respondents consumed five or more portions per day in Scotland than in England in 2013 with the biggest difference seen in the 35-44 age group (22% in scotland compared with 31% in England) (see Chart 3 (view chart)).

Please note: If you require the most up-to-date data available, please check the data sources directly as new data may have been published since these data pages were last updated. Although we endeavour to ensure that the data pages are kept up-to-date, there may be a time lag between new data being published and the relevant ScotPHO web pages being updated.