Diet and nutrition: low income

The UK-wide Low Income Diet and Nutrition Survey (LIDNS) commissioned by the Food Standards Agency (FSA) to provide detailed information on food consumption, nutrient intakes, nutritional status and the factors that affect these in low income consumers, found that:

  • In many respects the areas of dietary concern identified in the low income population were similar to those already identified in the general population, although some were more marked in the LIDNS. Findings included: mean daily intake of protein, saturated fat and non-milk extrinsic sugars (NMES) in excess of recommended levels, whilst fruit and vegetable consumption fell below recommended levels.
  • There were no significant systematic differences in food or nutrient intake or nutritional status between the four UK countries participating in the survey (note: 9% of the participants were drawn from Scotland).

Scotland Findings

Although there were no systematic significant differences between the four countries of the UK:

  • Consumption of most of the vegetable groups (not raw) was lowest in Scotland, particularly in adults.
  • Fruit consumption was typically higher in England compared with other countries.
  • In women but not in men, age standardised prevalence of hypertension was substantially higher in Scotland (56%) than in the other three countries (Northern Ireland 41%, Wales 35%, England 34%).
  • Among adults aged 65 and over, those living in Scotland were more likely to be edentate (without teeth).

Please note: If you require the most up-to-date data available, please check the data sources directly as new data may have been published since these data pages were last updated. Although we endeavour to ensure that the data pages are kept up-to-date, there may be a time lag between new data being published and the relevant ScotPHO web pages being updated.