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Physical activity: key references and evidence


Catto S, Gibbs D. Are people in Scotland becoming more active? Combined results from Scotland's routine national surveysGlasgow: NHS Health Scotland, 2009.

Department of Health. Start active, stay active: a report of physical activity from the four home countries' chief medical officersLondon: DoH, 2011.

Lee I-M et al. Effect of physical inactivity on major non-communicable diseases worldwide: an analysis of burden of disease and life expectancy. Lancet, 380: 2012.

Lord SR, Castell S. Physical activity program for older persons: effect on balance, strength, neuromuscular control, and reaction time. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1994; 75:648-652.

Murray L. Sport, exercise and physical activity: Public participation, barriers and attitudesEdinburgh: Scottish Executive Education Department, 2006 (see also the summary paper Research findings no.20/2006: Sport, exercise and physical activity: Public participation, barriers and attitudes).

National Institute of Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE). Local government and public health briefings: physical activity. NICE: Manchester, 2012.

Warburton DER, Nicol CW, Bredin SSD. Health benefits of physical activity: the evidence. Canadian Medical Association Journal 2006; 174:801-809.

Key policy documents

NHS Health Scotland. Five year review of Let's make Scotland more activeEdinburgh: NHS Health Scotland, 2009.

NHS Health Scotland (Foster C, Allender S, et al). Costing the burden of ill health related to physical inactivity for ScotlandEdinburgh: NHS Health Scotland, 2013.

Scottish Executive. Let's Make Scotland More Active, 2003Edinburgh: TSO, 2003.

Scottish Government. A Games legacy for ScotlandEdinburgh: Scottish Government, 2009

Scottish Government. Preventing overweight and obesity in Scotland: a route map towards healthy weightEdinburgh: Scottish Government, 2010.

Scottish Government. Scotland performs indicator: physical activity. Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2014. 

Scottish Government. An evaluation of Legacy from the Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games: pre-Games report. Edinburgh: Scottish Government and Games Legacy Evaluation Working Group, 2014

Scottish Government. A more active Scotland: building a Legacy from the Commonwealth Games. Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2014.

Scottish Government. Let's get Scotland walking: the national walking strategy. Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2014.

Scottish Government. Active Scotland outcomes framework. Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2014.

Scottish Government. Physical activity implementation plan: a more active Scotland. Edinburgh: Scottish Government, 2014. 

Effectiveness evidence

ScotPHO's purpose is to describe the pattern of health across the Scottish population. As a supplementary service to users, we include the following links to external sources of quality-assured evidence on effectiveness of interventions which may include relevant material for this topic. These links are provided as an aid to users. They are by no means exhaustive nor should they be necessarily viewed as authoritative.

NHS Health Scotland: Scottish briefings on NICE public health guidance

Centre for Reviews and Dissemination

Cochrane Library: Browse by topic

EPPI-Centre: Evidence library

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Evidence services: Evidence search

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Guidance: Find guidance

Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN)

Please note: ScotPHO is not responsible for the content or reliability of linked websites and does not necessarily endorse the views expressed within them. Listing should not be taken as endorsement of any kind. ScotPHO can take no responsibility for information contained on websites maintained by other organisations or for actions taken as a result of information contained on websites maintained by other organisations.

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Page last updated: 14 September 2017

© Scottish Public Health Observatory 2014