High Blood Pressure: risk factors

The risk factors for high blood pressure are (Maryon-Davis and Press, 2005):

Unmodifiable:

  • Age and gender (older age and being male increases the risk)
  • Ethnicity (being of Afro-Caribbean increases the risk)
  • Family history of high blood pressure

Modifiable:

  • Excess dietary salt
  • Low dietary potassium
  • Overweight and obesity
  • Physical inactivity
  • Excess alcohol
  • Smoking
  • Cold homes
  • Socioeconomic status (deprivation may increase the risk)
  • Psychosocial stressors
  • Diabetes
  • Low birthweight
  • Being formula-fed as a baby