Chronic liver disease: key points

  • There are a variety of risk factors and diseases that cause chronic liver disease (CLD). The three commonest risk factors for CLD are excessive alcohol consumption; obesity; and blood borne viruses, in particular Hepatitis B and C. In this publication Alcoholic Liver Disease is included as part of Chronic Liver Disease throughout.
  • There were approximately 16 CLD deaths per 100 000 population in Scotland in 2013, similar to the rate in 2012.
  • Between 1993 and 2003, there was a sharp increase in CLD mortality rates, in contrast to the majoirty of European countries where CLD deaths were decreasing. Since the peak in 2003, CLD mortality rates have generally decreased.
  • In the three year period from 2011 to 2013, CLD mortality rates were 4.7 times higher in the most deprived quintile (32.8 per 100 000 population)  compared to the least deprived quintile (6.9 per 100 000 population)
  • Between 1982/83 and 2013/14, there has been an approximate four-fold increase in CLD patient discharge rates (from 41.5 to 147.8 per 100 000 population)

Section updates:

  • The last major update of this section was completed in December 2014.
  • The next major update is due to be carried out by end December 2015.