Kidney disease: data introduction

Table 1 shows the dimensions and geographies for which chronic kidney disease (CKD) and renal replacement therapy (RRT) data are available, either within the data pages which follow or through hyperlinks.

Table 1: Data for Scotland presented on the kidney disease data pages

  Data presented/available (Y=yes, N=no)
Data dimensions/geographies CKD incidence CKD prevalence CKD mortality RRT incidence/
prevalence
By gender N N N Y
By age group N N N Y
By deprivation group N N N Y
By NHS board area N Y Y Y
By local authority area N N N N
Time trend N Y N Y
National target N/A N/A N/A N/A
Comparison with UK/GB N Y N Y
International comparison N Y Y Y

 

Acute kidney injury (AKI) data

Data on AKI is not currently published from national data sources. The UK Renal Registry and NHS England are starting to collect information on AKI in England via electronic AKI detection and these data may be available in the future.

Kidney disease data in hospital records

National reporting of CKD and AKI data is hampered by the fact that hospital discharge records are generally poor for identifying people with CKD (Robertson et al. 2014) and AKI (Sawhney et al. 2015, Kerr et al. 2014) compared with laboratory data. 

There are a number of possible reasons for this. Identifying CKD from hospital discharge records obviously requires an admission to hospital, but those most often admitted are likely to have more advanced renal disease, more comorbidity and more complications. This also makes it more likely that renal disease will be recognised during the admission episode. In other cases CKD/AKI may not the main reason for admission, and therefore may not be recorded in discharge documents. In addition, the ICD10 codes for kidney diseases lack specificity, and there is some variation in how the codes are applied.

Please note: If you require the most up-to-date data available, please check the data sources directly as new data may have been published since these data pages were last updated. Although we endeavour to ensure that the data pages are kept up-to-date, there may be a time lag between new data being published and the relevant ScotPHO web pages being updated.