Suicide: key points
There were 672 suicides (deaths from intentional self-harm and events of undetermined intent) registered in Scotland in 2015, compared to 696 in 2014. These figures are based on the new coding rules introduced by the National Records of Scotland (NRS). The corresponding estimates based on the old coding rules (see note below) are 656 suicides in 2015 and 659 in 2014.
The welcome declining trend in suicide rates in recent years appears to be continuing, with the number of suicides decreasing for the fifth consecutive year.
In 2015, the suicide rate for males was more than two-and-a-half times that for females.
In 2011-15, the suicide rate was three times higher in the most deprived tenth of the population (decile) compared to the least deprived decile (22.1 deaths per 100,000 population compared to 7.3).
- While suicide rates are strongly related to deprivation level, this difference or inequality has decreased between 2001-05 and 2011-15.
The suicide rate varies between different areas within Scotland and fluctuates over time. In 2011-15, the rates in NHS Ayrshire and Arran, NHS Grampian and NHS Tayside were significantly lower than the rate in the rest of Scotland, while the rates in NHS Lothian and NHS Highland were significantly higher.
- Scotland appears to have had a higher suicide rate than the UK overall since the early 1990s, though this comparison is affected by differences in data recording practices between countries.
Note: In 2011, NRS changed their coding rules for certain causes of death. Some deaths previously coded under 'mental and behavioural disorders' are now classed as 'self-poisoning of undetermined intent' and consequently are classified as suicides.
Please note that when analysing suicide data, it is conventional to combine deaths by intentional self-harm with deaths of undetermined intent. Research indicates that most deaths of undetermined intent are likely to be suicides. We refer to the data as 'suicides' but the term 'probable suicides' may also be used to acknowledge the inclusion of deaths of undetermined intent.
In 2009, how NRS obtains information about the nature of death changed. Since then, there has been a large increase in the percentage of poisoning deaths described as accidental, and a fall in those described as being due to events of undetermined intent. This contributed to the fall in recent years in the number of probable suicides. More information about this is available on the NRS website.
Current data on suicide in Scotland is available on the Data pages. To navigate between pages in this section, use the Suicide part at the bottom of the left-hand menu bar.
The last major update of this section, adding data on suicides registered in 2015, was completed in August 2016. (Please see the Suicide Statistics technical paper for details of changes in methodology for this update.)
The next major update, adding suicides registered in 2016, is due in August 2017.