Suicide: key references and evidence

Suicide Statistics technical paper for these web pages

Hill S., Gribben C. Suicide Statistics: technical paper. Scottish Public Health Observatory, NHS Information Services (ISD), NHS Scotland. 2017. (351KB)

Other references

Boyle P, Exeter D, Feng Z, Flowerdew R. Suicide gap among young adults in Scotland: population study. BMJ 2005; 330: 175-6.

Camidge RD, Stockton DL, Frame S, Wood R, Bain M, Bateman DN. Hospital admissions and deaths relating to deliberate self-harm and accidents within five years of a cancer diagnosis: A national study in Scotland, UK. BJC2007; 96: 752-757.

Gunnell D, Hawton K, Kapur N. Coroners’ verdicts and suicide statistics in England and Wales. BMJ 2011;343: d6030.

Hawton K (ed). Prevention and treatment of suicidal behaviour: from science to practice. Oxford University Press, 2005.

Levin KA. Leyland AH. Urban/rural inequalities in suicide in Scotland, 1981-1999. Soc Sci Med 2005; 60: 287790.

Stark C, Hopkins P, Gibbs D, Rapson T, Belbin A, Hay A. Suicide in Scotland: Trends, Occupational Associations and Rurality. University of Aberdeen, 2004.

Platt S, Boyle P, Crombie I, Feng Z, Exeter D. The epidemiology of suicide in Scotland 1989-2004: an examination of temporal trends and risk factors at national and local levels. Scottish Executive, 2007.

Risk and Protective Factors for Suicide and Suicidal Behaviour: A systematic international literature review of review-level data on suicide risk factors and primary evidence of protective factors against suicide. Scottish Government, 2008.

A report by Meltzer and others titled Non-fatal suicidal behaviour among adults aged 16 to 74 in Great Britain(631kb) presents the analysis of the data on suicidal thoughts and attempts collected in the 2000 ONS survey of psychiatric morbidity among adults in Great Britain.

Choose Life : A National Strategy and Action Plan to Prevent Suicide in Scotland. Scottish Government, 2002.

National Programme for improving Mental Health and Well-Being: action plan. Scottish Government, 2003.

Refreshing The National Strategy and Action Plan to Prevent Suicide in Scotland: Report of The National Suicide Prevention Working Group. October 2010.

Towards a Mentally Flourishing Scotland, 2009-2011: This policy and action plan outlines the Government's plans for mental health improvement for the period 2009-2011. Scottish Government, 2009

Mental Health Strategy for Scotland 2017-27: sets out a range of commitments by the Government across the full spectrum of mental health improvement, services and recovery for 2017-27. Scottish Government, 2017.

Effectiveness evidence

ScotPHO's purpose is to describe the pattern of health across the Scottish population. As a supplementary service to users, we include the following links to external sources of quality-assured evidence on effectiveness of interventions which may include relevant material for this topic. These links are provided as an aid to users. They are by no means exhaustive nor should they be necessarily viewed as authoritative.

NHS Health Scotland: Scottish briefings on NICE public health guidance

Centre for Reviews and Dissemination

Cochrane Library: Browse by topic

EPPI-Centre: Evidence library

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Evidence services: Evidence search

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Guidance: Find guidance

Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN)


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