Community wellbeing: key points

  • Communities can be defined by place (where people live) or interest (a shared characteristic, set of values or aims).

  • Wellbeing is increasingly seen as an essential component of population health. In recent years, policies and other reports have highlighted its importance.  

  • The 2015 Community Empowerment (Scotland) Act aims to "make it easier for communities to have their voices heard, to take ownership over local land and buildings, to shape local services and to have more influence over the decisions that affect their area."

  • The Place Standard (launched December 2015) provides a new tool to evaluate the physical and social quality of the places where people live.
  • Neighbourhood satisfaction (which can contribute to community wellbeing) varies by place and by Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (SIMD) quintile. People living in West Central Scotland and in more deprived communities are less likely to agree that their neighbourhood is a good place to live.
  • 62% of adults in Scotland in the least deprived SIMD quintile agreed most people could be trusted, compared with 37% of adults living in the most deprived SIMD quintile.

Section updates:

  • The last major update of this section was completed in December 2016.
  • The next major update is due to be carried out by end December 2017.