Income and employment: key data sources
National Records of Scotland have released results from Scotland's Census 2011. Key outputs will be released in stages. Since December 2012, data on topics including population, ethnicity, health, housing and accommodation have been published. More information on the data currently available and planned for release in future is available on the website. Data from the previous Census 2001 is also available.
ScotPHO's new 2015 Health and Wellbeing profiles present a range of 56 health related indicators for Scotland as a whole, all health boards and 32 local authorities across Scotland. Where data are available, results are also presented at a very local level, for imtermediate zones within Scotland. Each profile provides a rich picture of both health determinants (e.g. education, employment, housing) and health outcomes (mortality, substance use, ill-health) at a local level.
Department for Work and Pensions (DWP)
The DWP website contains a variety of research reports and statistics. In addition, the DWP also produces the Households Below Average Income (HBAI) dataset, a dataset derived from the UK Family Resources Survey, which aims to produce estimates of the proportion of the population in the UK living in poverty (as defined in a variety of different ways). The DWP Stat X-plore system also provides statistics on Housing Benefit claimants, the number of National Insurance Number (NINo) registrants entering the UK from overseas, Jobseekers Allowance (JSA) and Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) sanction decisions, Personal Independence Payment (PIP) and Universal Credit (UC).
The Improvement Service provides a range of data and analysis tools (including a community profiler, interactive mapping of Scottish Neighbourhood Statistics data on Viewstat and a Welfare Reform Dashboard), designed to improve understanding of, and help plan responses to, income and employment across Scotland’s neighbourhoods.
This suite of tools, published by ScotPHO, allows users to model various income distribution policies on population health and health inequalities.
The Scottish Observatory for Work & Health has published Incapacity Benefit (IB) Claimant Profiles for fourteen geographies across Scotland. Each profile provides a range of data on IB claimants, including demographics, reasons for claiming, on and off flows, duration of claims and how these variables changed between 2000 and 2008. The profiles also contain IB claimant data for every neighbourhood/intermediate zone. In addition, an overview profile compares IB rates and on and off rates from 2000 to 2008 for all fourteen geographies plus Edinburgh and the Lothians. Note that from 2008, Incapacity Benefits began to be moved onto Employment and Support Allowance (ESA), a process which was broadly complete by 2014.
NOMIS is a key web source for information on the economy, containing data on unemployment, employment, vacancies, VAT registered companies and survey data from the ABI (Annual Business Inquiry), the Labour Force Survey and the New Earnings Survey. Access to this data is free although access to the ABI data does incur a charge and is subject to a strict agreement on uses of the data.
The New Policy Institute and Joseph Rowntree Foundation manage this website, which monitors poverty and social exclusion in the UK through a suite of 100 key indicators. Separate analysis of poverty and social exclusion in Scotland is also available on the site. (Please note that the site was last updated in 2011).
The Joseph Rowntree Foundation have created a new site allowing for visualisation and analysis of poverty, housing and care data. The site includes a range of graphs, charts and maps showing the latest data and analysis of trends in these issues for Scotland and other parts of the UK.
The principal purpose of the survey is to collect information in the areas of Social Justice and Transport, although a wide range of other topics are covered. In relation to economic circumstances the survey collects figures on employment, training and unemployment (based on the highest income householder). For households, figures on income, savings and borrowings, housing costs and financial concerns are collected. A reduced survey dataset, SHS Lite, can be obtained on request from Scottish Household Survey Team.
The SIMD, which was created to provide an improved and updateable deprivation index for Scotland, identifies the most deprived areas across Scotland and is based on 38 indicators across seven individual domains: Income; Employment; Housing; Health; Education, Skills and Training; Geographic Access to Services and Telecommunications; and Crime. SIMD 2012 is presented at data zone level, of which there are 6505, and provides a comprehensive picture of relative area deprivation across Scotland.
This website provides a wide range of economic related data mostly at a variety of different geographies (although local authority is the level at which the greatest range of data is consistently available). It includes figures on employees by industry, business sites by industry, earnings, labour market indicators (of economic activity, unemployment, employment) and a variety of benefits data.