Social environment: key references and evidence


Note: this is not, and is not intended to be, a comprehensive list: it is merely a small selection of key references. Other relevant documents are cited in some of the reports/papers listed below.

Note also that references specifically for social capital are available from the ONS social capital project literature review

Catell V. Poor people, poor places, and poor health: the mediating role of social networks and social capital. Social Science & Medicine 2001; 52:1501-1516

Cooper, H. Arber, S. Fee, L. Ginn, J. (1999) The influence of social support and social capital on Health. Health Education Authority, London

Crawford F. Social Capital - A Short Discussion Paper. (63KB). Public Health Institute of Scotland, 2002.

Ellaway A, MacIntyre S, Kearns A. Perceptions of Place and Health in Socially Contrasting Neighbourhoods. Urban Studies 2001; 38(12):2299-2316.

Forrest R, Kearns A. Joined-up places? Social cohesion and neighbourhood regeneration. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation, 1999.

Hird S. Community wellbeing: a discussion paper for the Scottish Executive and Scottish Neighbourhood Statistics. Glasgow: NHS Health Scotland, 2003 (click here to download (108KB))

Hird S. Individual wellbeing: a discussion paper for the Scottish Executive and Scottish Neighbourhood Statistics. Glasgow: NHS Health Scotland, 2003 (click here to download (390KB))

Humm J, Jones K, Chanan G. Testing of indicators of community involvement, interim report. Community Development Foundation, 2004.

Jenkinson C.E., Dickens A.P., Jones K. et al. Is volunteering a public health intervention? A systematic review and meta-analysis of the health and survival of volunteers. BMC Public Health 2013; 13: 773

Kawachi I et al. A prospective study of social networks in relation to total mortality and cardiovascular disease in men in the USA. J Epidemiol Community Health 1996;50:245-251.

Macinko J, Starfield B. The Utility of Social Capital in Research on Health Determinants. The Millbank Quarterly 2001;79 (3): 387-427.

Marmot MG. Improvement of social environment to improve health. Lancet 1998; 351:57-60.

Marmot M, Wilkinson R (eds).The Social Determinants of Health. Oxford University Press, 1999.

Murayama H., Fujiwara Y., Kawachi I. Social capital and health: a review of prospective multilevel studies. Journal of Epidemiology 2012; 22(3): 179-187

Pearce N, Smith GD. Is Social Capital the Key to Inequalities in Health? American Journal of Public Health 2003; 93(1): 122-129.

Putnam, R. Bowling Alone - The Collapse and Revival of American Community New York: Simon & Schuster. 2000.

Scottish Development Centre for Mental Health, Scottish Council Foundation, OPM. Building Community Well-being Summary. Edinburgh: Scottish Executive, 2003.

Scottish Council Foundation. Beyond Disappointment: Building Better Communities. Edinburgh; Chartered Institute of Housing in Scotland and Scottish Council Foundation, 2000.

Sixsmith, J. Boneham, M. Goldring, J. The Relationship Between Social Capital, Health & Gender: A case Study of a Socially Deprived Community. Health Development Agency, London 2001.

Stuckler D., King L., McKee M. Mass privatisation and the post-communist mortality crisis: a cross-national analysis. Lancet 2009; 373(9661): 399-407

Veenstra G, Luginaah I, Wakefield S et al. Who you know, where you live: social capital, neighbourhood and health. Social Science & Medicine 2005; 60: 2799-2818

Whitehead, M. Diderichsen, F. Social capital and health: tip-toeing through the minefield of evidence. Lancet 2001, (358) 21:165-166

Wilkinson R., Marmot M. (eds). Social determinants of health - the solid facts. (500KB). World Health Organisation, 2003.

WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health. WHO social determinants final report Closing the gap in a generation: Health equity through action on the social determinants of health weblink. World Health Organization, 2008.

Effectiveness evidence

ScotPHO's purpose is to describe the pattern of health across the Scottish population. As a supplementary service to users, we include the following links to external sources of quality-assured evidence on effectiveness of interventions which may include relevant material for this topic. These links are provided as an aid to users. They are by no means exhaustive nor should they be necessarily viewed as authoritative.

NHS Health Scotland: Scottish briefings on NICE public health guidance

Centre for Reviews and Dissemination

Cochrane Library: Browse by topic

EPPI-Centre: Evidence library

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Evidence services: Evidence search

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Guidance: Find guidance

Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN)


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