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Ethnic minorities: key references and evidence


Bansal, N., Bhopal, R. S., Steiner, M. F. C., & Brewster, D. H. 2012, "Major ethnic group differences in breast cancer screening uptake in Scotland are not extinguished by adjustment for indices of geographical residence, area deprivation, long-term illness and education", Br J Cancer, vol. 106, no. 8, pp. 1361-1366.

Bansal, N., Bhopal, R., Netto, G., Lyons, D., Steiner, M. F. C., & Sashidharan, S. P. 2013, "Disparate patterns of hospitalisation reflect unmet needs and persistent ethnic inequalities in mental health care: the Scottish health and ethnicity linkage study", pp. 1-23.

Bansal, N., Fischbacher, C. M., Bhopal, R. S., Brown, H., Steiner, M. F., Capewell, S., & on behalf of the Scottish Health and Ethnicity Linkage Study 2013, "Myocardial infarction incidence and survival by ethnic group: Scottish Health and Ethnicity Linkage retrospective cohort study", BMJ Open, vol. 3, no. 9.

Bhopal R, Bansal N, Fischbacher CM, Brown H, Capewell S, on behalf of the Scottish Health and Ethnic Linkage Study. Ethnic variations in heart failure: Scottish Health and Ethnicity Linkage Study (SHELS), Heart, (2012) 98:468-473.

Bhopal RS, Bansal N, Fischbacher CM, Brown H, Capewell S. Ethnic variations in the incidence and mortality of stroke in the Scottish Health and Ethnicity Linkage Study of 4.65 million people. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, published online before print, 20 September 2011a.

Bhopal R, Fischbacher C, Povey C, Chalmers J, Mueller G, Steiner M, et al. Cohort profile: Scottish Health and Ethnicity Linkage Study of 4.65 million people exploring ethnic variations in disease inScotland. Int J Epidemiol 2011b; 40 (5):1168-1175

Christie, B. Scotland introduces record of ethnicity on death certificates BMJ, 2012;344:e475

Douglas A, Bhopal R, Bhopal R, Forbes JF, Gill JMR, McKnight J, et al. Design and baseline characteristics of the PODOSA (Prevention of Diabetes & Obesity in South Asians) trial: a cluster, randomised lifestyle intervention in Indian and Pakistani adults with impaired glycaemia at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes. BMJ Open 2013.

Fischbacher, C. M., Cezard, G., Bhopal, R. S., Pearce, J., & Bansal, N. 2013, "Measures of socioeconomic position are not consistently associated with ethnic differences in cardiovascular disease in Scotland: methods from the Scottish Health and Ethnicity Linkage Study (SHELS)", International Journal of Epidemiology.

Fischbacher CM, Steiner M, Bhopal R, Chalmers J, Jamieson J, Knowles D, Povey C. Variations in all cause and cardiovascular mortality by country of birth in Scotland, 1997-2003. Scottish Medical Journal 2007;52(4):5-10 (and corrigendum published in SMJ 2008;53(2):66. The full text of these articles is available under the "past issues" heading on the website of the Scottish Medical Journal.

Fischbacher CM, Bhopal R, Povey C, Steiner M, Chalmers J, Mueller G, Jamieson J, Knowles D. Record linked retrospective cohort study of 4.6 million people exploring ethnic variations in disease: myocardial infarction in South Asians. BMC Public Health 2007;7:142

Gill PS, Kai J, Bhopal RS, Wild SH. Health care needs assessment: black and minority ethnic groups(book chapter, In: Raftery J, Stevens A, Mant J (ed). Health Care Needs Assessment. The epidemiologically based needs assessment reviews. Third Series. Abingdon: Radcliffe Publishing Ltd, 2007)

Gruer, L. Cézard, G. Clark, E. Douglas, A. Steiner, M. Millard, A. Buchanan, D. Katikireddi, S.V. Sheikh, A. and Bhopal, R. Life expectancy of different ethnic groups using death records linked to population census data for 4.62 million people in Scotland. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, July 2016

Hunter J. Which ethnic groups have the poorest health?  An analysis of health inequality and ethnicity in Scotland. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government; 2015. 

Knox S, Bhopal R, Buchanan D, Thomson CS, Millard A, Fraser A, Gruer L. Research Report: Using routinely collected data to compare hospital admission rates by ethnic group in Scotland (2016). Edinburgh: ScotPHO, 2016.

Khunti K, Morris DH, Weston CL, Gray LJ, Webb DR, Davies MJ. Joint prevalence of diabetes, impaired glucose regulation, cardiovascular disease risk and chronic kidney disease in South Asians and White Europeans. PLoS ONE [Electronic Resource] 2013;8(1):e55580.

Netto G, Arshad R, de Lima P, Diniz FA, MacEwen M, Patel V, Syed R. Audit of research on minority ethnic issues in Scotland from a race perspective. Edinburgh: Scottish Executive, 2001.

Millard A.D., Raab G., Lewsey J., Eaglesham P., Craig P., Ralston K. and McCartney G. Mortality differences and inequalities within and between ‘protected characteristics’ groups, in a Scottish Cohort 1991–2009, International Journal for Equity in Health, The official journal of the International Society for Equity in Health 2015 14:142

Office of the Chief Statistician. Analysis of ethnicity in the 2001 Census: summary report. Edinburgh: Scottish Executive, 2004.

Office of the Chief Statistician. Analysis of religion in the 2001 Census: summary report. Edinburgh: Scottish Executive, 2005.

Scottish Government Statistician group. Analysis of Equality Results from the 2011 Census including Ethnicity, Religion, and Disability.2014

Scottish Government Statistician group. Overview of Equality Results from the 2011 Census Release 2. 2014

Scottish Government. Gypsy/Travellers in Scotland.  A Comprehensive Analysis of the 2011 Census. Edinburgh; 2015. 

Shahid, S, The excess risk of cardiovascular disease in people with type 2 diabetes of South Asian ethnicity, Diabetes& Primary Care (2013) 15: 20–8

Zaman MJS,  Philipson P,  Chen R,  Farag A,  Shipley M,  Marmot MG,  Timmis AD, Hemingway H, South Asians and coronary disease: is there discordance between effects on incidence and prognosis?  Heart, online First 13 Feb 2013, doi:10.1136/heartjnl-2012-302925

Effectiveness evidence

ScotPHO's purpose is to describe the pattern of health across the Scottish population. As a supplementary service to users, we include the following links to external sources of quality-assured evidence on effectiveness of interventions which may include relevant material for this topic. These links are provided as an aid to users. They are by no means exhaustive nor should they be necessarily viewed as authoritative.

NHS Health Scotland: Scottish briefings on NICE public health guidance

Centre for Reviews and Dissemination

Cochrane Library: Browse by topic

EPPI-Centre: Evidence library

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Evidence services: Evidence search

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Guidance: Find guidance

Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN)

Please note: ScotPHO is not responsible for the content or reliability of linked websites and does not necessarily endorse the views expressed within them. Listing should not be taken as endorsement of any kind. ScotPHO can take no responsibility for information contained on websites maintained by other organisations or for actions taken as a result of information contained on websites maintained by other organisations.

To report a broken link on the ScotPHO website, please email details to the ScotPHO teamThis e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it of the web page containing the broken link together with the web address you were unable to access.

Page last updated: 03 November 2017

© Scottish Public Health Observatory 2014